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Photograph of Maria Motherwell by Erwin Blumenfeld, "Marua," ca. 1941, gelatin silver print, 20 x 16 inches. Dedalus Foundation Archives.
Late November 1941-early June 1942

Motherwell and Ferreira return to New York and rent an apartment at 8 Perry Street that also serves as his studio.

Motherwell meets AndrŽé Breton, Max Ernst, and Peggy Guggenheim, who have settled in New York; and through Matta meets the young American painter William Baziotes. Breton chooses Motherwell to serve as one of the editors of VVV, the new journal of the Surrealists in America. In one of Motherwell's first acts as editor, he invites William Carlos Williams to serve as a second American editor of the publication. Shortly before publication in the spring, Motherwell is fired and replaced, first by Lionel Abel and then by David Hare. The first issue of VVV is published in June with Motherwell's essay ''Notes on Mondrian and Chirico.''

Works from this period include The Little Spanish Prison (P3), whose color is inspired by the colors he had seen in Mexican folk arts, and Spanish Picture with Window (P4); both paintings reflect the impact of Mondrian's first one-man exhibition at the Valentine Gallery in New York in January 1942.